How Are Trademarks Different from Copyright?
Trademarks and copyright are two distinct areas of intellectual property, even though they sometimes overlap. In this cartoon, we will show you the difference between them.
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NARRATOR: Cheryl runs a consulting company, Smart Mouse Consulting. She has developed a logo for her brand.
BUSINESSMAN [to Cheryl]: Thank you, your tips were extremely helpful. By the way, I really like your logo. Have you considered protecting it?
CHERYL: Protecting it how?
BUSINESSMAN: Why donâ€™t you call the helpful people at the Trademark Factory? Theyâ€™ll be able to help! I just finished reading the book by the owner of the firm. Itâ€™s called, The Ultimate Insiderâ€™s Guide to Intellectual Property, and it covers many areas of IP, including trademarks and copyright.
CHERYL: Mmmmmmmmmmmâ€¦ OK.
CHERYL: I would like to trademark the copyright on my logo.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Canâ€™t do that. The thing isâ€¦ [interrupted by Cheryl]
CHERYL: I thought you can help with copyright and trademarks?!
TRADEMARK FACTORY: We can, but these are two separate areas of protection, even though they may occasionally overlap. Let me explain in plain English.
CHERYL: Yes, Iâ€™d really like to understand the difference between the two.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Iâ€™m simplifying this a little bit, but generally, the only area where copyright and trademarks overlap are logos and other design marks.
CHERYL: Why is that?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Copyright does not protect separate words and short phrases. So you canâ€™t claim copyright protection over names of your products and services or over your taglines.
CHERYL: I seeâ€¦
TRADEMARK FACTORY: But copyright can and does protect original images.
CHERYL: So whatâ€™s the difference?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Copyright protects the images THEMSELVES against unauthorized copying and distribution, while trademarks protect the association between the image and particular products and services that you offer using these images.
CHERYL: So copyright is stronger?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: It depends. Not all images can be protected with copyright. If the image is not truly original, which is often the case with simple geometrical shapes, it may be difficult to claim copyright protection over them.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Also, copyright only protects the image itself, not the idea behind it. So in your case, copyright would protect your logo with this particular mouse, but it would not allow you to stop others from using images of other rodents on their logos.
CHERYL: What about trademarks?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: The trademark will allow you to prevent others from using any images that may cause confusion in your customersâ€™ mind as to whether their products and services are in fact yours. In other words, a trademark would allow you to prevent other consultants from using images of all mice (even if they use a different image) in connection with consulting services.
CHERYL: Are there other things I should know about?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Copyright arises automatically by the mere fact of the work being created and lasts 50 or 70 years after the death of the last surviving coauthor of the work.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Authors may demand that you indicate their name when you use their works
TRADEMARK FACTORY: and authors may also prevent you from altering the image.
CHERYL: And trademarks?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Trademark protection arises through use or registration of the trademark. Unregistered trademarks are protected in the geographical area where enough people know that you are using the design AS YOUR TRADEMARK. Such protection lasts as long as you keep using the design as your trademark. Registered trademarks protect you throughout the country where the trademark is registered for as long as you keep renewing the trademark registration.
CHERYL: I get it.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Which brings me to an important concern. You canâ€™t trademark an image the copyright in which is owned by someone else.
CHERYL: Please explain.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Did you design the logo yourself?
CHERYL: Well, I had the photograph done for me, and then I added the words SMART MOUSE CONSULTING myself.
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Do you have a written agreement with the photographer that states that you own copyright in the photograph?
CHERYL: No, but I paid him!
TRADEMARK FACTORY: Itâ€™s not enough. The photographer still owns copyright in the photograph and can prevent you from registering and using the logo as your trademark.
CHERYL: What should I do?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: You should call your photographer and ask him if he would agree to sign a one page agreement under which he would assign to you the copyright in the photograph that he made for you.
CHERYL: And where would I find this agreement?
TRADEMARK FACTORY: At our website. Just follow this link:
CHERYL: Thank you.
CHERYL: Ed, remember you did the photo of the mouse for me?
CHERYL: Do you mind confirming in writing that I own copyright in it?
CHERYL: Thanks, I will send you the form to sign.
Disclaimer: Please note that this cartoon is not and is not intended as legal advice. Your situation may be different from the facts assumed in this cartoon. Your watching this cartoon does not create a lawyer-client relationship between you and Trademark Factory International Inc., and you should not rely on this cartoon as the only source of information to make important decisions about your intellectual property.
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